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animation:seminaires:2019:accueil [2019/03/22 17:21]
cicaluga
animation:seminaires:2019:accueil [2019/11/20 09:52] (Version actuelle)
cicaluga [ A maggot becomes a fly : from cell dynamics to epithelial tissue patterning (see abstract below)]
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 ====== Séminaires/​Colloquium 2019 ====== ====== Séminaires/​Colloquium 2019 ======
  
 +===== " A maggot becomes a fly " : from cell dynamics to epithelial tissue patterning =====
 +{{:​cbp_ens.jpeg?​nolink&​200 |}}**12 décembre 2019 de 14h00 à 15h00** \\
 +COLLOQUIUM Centre Blaise Pascal-Laboratory of Biology and Modeling of the Cell \\
 +Grande Salle, M6, ENS Lyon, France \\
  
 +**François GRANER** ​ (Complex System and Matter, CNRS & Univ. de Paris-Diderot)
 + \\
 +
 +Organisateurs : \\ 
 +
 +  * Daniel Jost (CNRS/​Laboratory of Biology and Modeling of the Cell, de l'ENS de Lyon) \\
 +  * Cerasela Calugaru (Centre Blaise Pascal, ENS de Lyon, France) \\
 +   
 +
 +**Abstract :** \\ 
 +
 +Development,​ homeostasis and regeneration of tissues result from a
 +complex combination of genetics and mechanics. Our model system is the
 +Drosophila metamorphosis,​ during which the fly strikingly changes,
 +within a few days, from a rather simple maggot shape to a refined
 +adult shape with wings, legs, antennas, waist, neck, and compound eye.
 +
 +Tremendous progress in experimental techniques now provide access to
 +quantitative cell-scale information within tissues, whether on the
 +cell shapes and shape changes, on cell-cell interaction forces, and on
 +the genes being expressed. To uncover mechanisms governing tissue
 +development,​ a rigorous multiscale approach is required.
 +
 +The biologist and physicist jointly address several challenges :
 +linking cell-cell interactions with tissue structure; linking
 +cell-level dynamical processes such as cell divisions, deaths and
 +rearrangements,​ with tissue-level morphogenetical changes; and most
 +important, understanding the interplay between genetics and mechanics,
 +which both contribute to regulate the morphogenesis.
 +
 +
 +
 +===== Chemical equilibrium in the Earth'​s core =====
 +{{:​cbp_ens.jpeg?​nolink&​200 |}}**03 juillet 2019 de 11h00 à 12h00** \\
 +COLLOQUIUM Centre Blaise Pascal-Laboratoire de Géologie \\
 +Amphi L, ENS Lyon, France \\
 +
 +**Dario ALFE  **  (Department of Earth Sciences and Department of Physics and Astronomy, and London Centre for Nanotechnology,​ University College London)
 + \\
 +
 +Organisateurs : \\ 
 +
 +  * Razvan Caracas (CNRS/​Laboratoire de Géologie de l'ENS de Lyon) \\
 +  * Cerasela Calugaru (Centre Blaise Pascal, ENS de Lyon, France) \\
 +   
 +
 +**Abstract :** \\ 
 +
 +The core of the Earth is a source of thermal energy for the mantle, helping to drive convection, plate tectonics and volcanism. It is mainly formed by iron, but is also contains light impurities. The exact chemical inventory of the core is unknown, but it is believed that oxygen may be present in relatively large quantities, as it is a major element in the mantle. Freezing of the inner core causes oxygen to be released in the liquid, which is thought to be the main form of energy driving core convection at the present day, responsible for the generation of the magnetic field. One of the fundamental questions is therefore how oxygen entered the core in the first place.
 +Using first principles calculations of chemical potentials we put contraints on the equilibrium concentrations of oxygen between liquid iron and a liquid silicate mixture, representative of long lived magma ocean (MO) at the base of the mantle. We show that the presence of a large fraction of oxygen in the core can be explained by a relatively large thermodynamic advantage of partitioning from the MO into the liquid core.
 +We also computed chemical potentials in solid ferropericlase,​ thought to be one of the main constituents of the Earth'​s mantle, and found that the current oxygen concentration in the core is lower than its equilibrium concentration,​ suggesting that the mantle may be continually pumping oxygen into the core, even at the present day. This has important consequences for our understanding of convection in the core, supporting the idea of the presence of a stratified, oxygen rich, layer at the top of the core, which may have been observed in the seismological record.
  
 ===== Machine learning in atomistic simulations:​ from reaction pathways to phase diagrams ​ ===== ===== Machine learning in atomistic simulations:​ from reaction pathways to phase diagrams ​ =====
- <​note important>​Colloque extraordinaire du Centre Blaise Pascaldans le cadre du [[https://​www.e-cam2020.eu|E-CAM]] : [[https://​www.cecam.org/​workshop-1802.html|Extended Software Development Workshop : Topics in Classical MD]]</​note>​+{{:​animation:​seminaires:​2019:​ralf22mars2019.jpg?​140 |}}**05 april 2019 à 9h00**\\ \\  
 +COLLOQUIUM ​Centre Blaise Pascal ​- Session extraordinaire ​dans le cadre du \\  
 +[[https://​www.cecam.org/​workshop-1802.html|E-CAM  ​Extended Software Development Workshop : Topics in Classical MD]] \\ 
  
-{{:animation:seminaires:​2019:​ralf22mars2019.jpg?150|}}**05 april 2019 à 9h00** ​\\+Lieu [[http://​www.ens-lyon.fr/​campus/​visite-du-campus/​location-de-salles|Salle 1 place de l'​École,​ ENS Lyon, France]]\\
  
-Lieu : [[http://​www.ens-lyon.fr/​campus/​visite-du-campus/​location-de-salles|Salle 1 place de l'​École,​ ENS Lyon, France]] \\ 
 **Christoph DELLAGO ​ **, (Faculty of Physics, University of Vienna)\\ **Christoph DELLAGO ​ **, (Faculty of Physics, University of Vienna)\\
        
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   * T. Morawietz, A. Singraber, C. Dellago, and J. Behler, “How Van der Waals interactions determine the unique properties of water“, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 113, 8368-8373 (2016). ​   * T. Morawietz, A. Singraber, C. Dellago, and J. Behler, “How Van der Waals interactions determine the unique properties of water“, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 113, 8368-8373 (2016). ​
    
-  * B. Cheng, E. A. Engel, J. Behler, C. Dellago, and M. Ceriotti, “Ab initio thermodynamics of liquid and solid water”, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 116, 1110 (2019). ​+  * B. Cheng, E. A. Engel, J. Behler, C. Dellago, and M. Ceriotti, “Ab initio thermodynamics of liquid and solid water”, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 116, 1110 (2019). 
 + 
 ===== Fast neural solvers ===== ===== Fast neural solvers =====
 {{:​cbp_ens.jpeg?​nolink&​200 |}}**04 mars 2019 de 11h00 à 12h00** \\ {{:​cbp_ens.jpeg?​nolink&​200 |}}**04 mars 2019 de 11h00 à 12h00** \\
animation/seminaires/2019/accueil.1553271705.txt.gz · Dernière modification: 2019/03/22 17:21 par cicaluga